Implementation of the Convention worldwide
Two main decisions making bodies
The Conference Of the Parties (COP) established 7 thematic work programs that each refers to the major biomes on the planet. Each program establishes a vision and basic principles to guide future projects.
They have also set out key issues for consideration, identified the potential expected outputs and provided a timetable and means to achieve these objectives.
The implementation of these work programs depend on the contributions of the Parties, the Secretariat, and the relevant intergovernmental organizations.
Periodically, the conference of the parties (COP) and the Subsidiary Body for the provision of Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) review the progress of the work programs.
Seven thematic programs and eighteen cross- cutting Issues.
The conference of the Parties (COP) has also initiated work on 18 key issues relevant to the 7 thematic programs known as cross-cutting issues. These cross-cutting issues correspond to issues addressed in the Convention's substantive provisions in Articles 6 to 20, and provide bridges and links between the thematic programs.
Some cross cutting initiatives directly support work under thematic programs, for example, the work on indicators provides information on the status and trends of biodiversity for all biomes. Others develop specific products are separate from the thematic programs. The work done for these cross-cutting issues has led to a number of principles, guidelines, and other tools to facilitate the implementation of the Convention and the achievement of the 2010 biodiversity target.
A strategic plan for the Convention for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and a decade for biodiversity.
The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at its tenth meeting on 29th October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, with the purpose of inspiring broad-based actions in support of biodiversity over the next decade by all countries and stakeholders.
In recognition of the urgent need for action the United Nations General Assembly has also declared 2011-2020 as the United Nations Decade for Biodiversity
The Strategic Plan is comprised of a shared vision, a mission, strategic goals and 20 ambitious yet achievable targets, collectively known as the Aichi Targets. The Strategic Plan serves as a flexible framework for the establishment of national and regional targets and it promotes the coherent and effective implementation of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
The conservation of biological diversity and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.
Technical and financial implementation
Whatever the implementation be at a national, regional or global scale, it follows principles, guidelines, and other tools that are provided by the projects realized on the thematic programs, the Cross-Cutting Issues together with the Strategic plan and the Aichi targets.
Countries provide national reports, every 4 years for the Secretariat of the Convention, and answer their notifications considering the implementations needs directly through the focal points.
The clearing house mechanism strengthens scientific and technical cooperation.
According to Decision X/15, its mission is to contribute significantly to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, through effective information services and other appropriate means in order to promote and facilitate scientific and technical cooperation, knowledge sharing and information exchange, and to establish a fully operational network of Parties and partners.
Clearing house mechanism has to provide efficient information services to facilitate the implementation of strategies and national action plans on biodiversity, allowing the Partners to significantly expand their CHM networks and services. They can be supported by regional centres that take actions.
The Global Environment Facility
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) provides indeed a consolidated set of guidance to the financial mechanism of the Convention on Biological diversity along with four other international instruments : the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and to a lesser extent in the countries in transition, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) includes 182 countries, and collaborates with international institutions, Non governmental organizations, and the private sector – to handle environmental issues at a global level.
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is an independent organism that provides funding to developing countries, and countries in transition developing projects that help biodiversity, climate change, international waters, land degradation, the Ozone layer, and persistent organic pollutants.
Actors, and other stakeholders
The involvement of the major groups and stakeholders is encouraged in the context of the program of the Convention on Biological Diversity regarding communication, education and public awareness (CEPA).
The list below gives you links towards related initiatives.